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  • Yayın
    Revealing a word superiority effect using a unique variant of the Latin alphabet: the evidence from Turkish
    (Frontiers, 2024) Jordan, Timothy R.; Kalan, Aleynanur; İnsan ve Toplum Bilimleri Fakültesi, Psikoloji Bölümü
    When visual stimuli are presented briefly, words are perceived better than nonwords. It is widely accepted that this word superiority effect reflects the efficiency with which words are perceived. However, most of what is known about the effect comes from languages (like English) using the basic Latin alphabet and little is known about whether languages using an alphabetic variant with very different properties can also produce word superiority. Here we report an experiment in which words and nonwords were presented briefly in Turkish, which uses a unique variant of the Latin alphabet containing 29 separate letters, 12 of which are close visual replications of other letters. Despite the potential for visual confusability and perceptual uncertainty, the findings revealed a clear advantage for words over nonwords, indicating that word superiority observed previously for the Latin alphabet can also be observed with the very different variant of this alphabet used for Turkish. Implications of these findings for processes involved in visual word perception are discussed.
  • Yayın
    Does oral iron and folate supplementation during pregnancy protect against adverse birth outcomes and reduced neonatal and infant mortality in Africa: A protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis?
    (Sage Publications, 2024) Bekele, Yibeltal; Gallagher, Claire; Batra, Mehak; Buultjens, Melissa; Eren, Senem; Erbaş, Bircan; Eren, Senem; İnsan ve Toplum Bilimleri Fakültesi, Psikoloji Bölümü
    Background: Globally, one-third of pregnant women are at risk of iron deficiency, particularly in the African region. While recent findings show that iron and folate supplementation can lower the risk of adverse birth outcomes and childhood mortality, our understanding of its impact in Africa remains incomplete due to insufficient evidence. This protocol outlines the systematic review steps to investigate the impact of oral iron and folate supplementation during pregnancy on adverse birth outcomes, neonatal mortality and infant mortality in Africa. Methods and analysis: MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Embase, Scopus, CINAHL, Web of Science, and Cochrane databases were searched for published articles. Google Scholar and Advanced Google Search were used for gray literature and nonindexed articles. Oral iron and/or folate supplementation during pregnancy is the primary exposure. The review will focus on adverse birth outcomes, neonatal mortality and infant mortality. Both Cochrane Effective Practice and Organization of Care and Newcastle-Ottawa Scale risk of bias assessment tools will be used. Meta-analysis will be conducted if design and data analysis methodologies permit. This systematic review and meta-analysis will provide up-to-date evidence about iron and folate supplementation’s role in adverse birth outcomes, neonatal mortality and infant mortality in the African region. Ethics and dissemination: This review will provide insights that help policymakers, program planners, researchers, and public health practitioners interested in working in the region. PROSPERO registration number: CRD42023452588
  • Yayın
    Psychotherapies for the treatment of scrupulosity: A systematic review
    (Springer, 2024) Toprak, Taha Burak; Özçelik, Hanne Nur; Bulut, Sefa; İnsan ve Toplum Bilimleri Fakültesi, Psikoloji Bölümü
    “Scrupulosity” is a common but understudied subtype of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) characterized by religious obsessions and compulsions. Although scrupulosity is a common manifestation of OCD, it has not been adequately addressed in treatment studies. The aim of this study was to understand the conceptual nuances of scrupulosity, its diagnosis, the unique differences in conceptualization and interventions during its treatment, the specific tools needed to monitor the prognosis of the pathology, and the limitations of existing studies through a systematic review. Following PRISMA guidelines, a literature search was conducted, and 13 relevant studies were found in Google Scholar, Scopus, PubMed, EbscoHost+Ulakbim, Wiley Online Library, ScienceDirect, Taylor & Francis Online, and Web of Science databases. Two researchers independently rated the included articles using the MMAT and then met to compare the ratings. Disagreements were resolved through discussion and consensus was reached. There was a general lack of clarity in the conceptualization, diagnosis, and measurement of the severity of scrupulosity, and the content of religious or cultural interventions in the studies was not always clear. For future studies, further clarification, and systematization of the phenomenological features of scrupulosity and related epidemiological and empirical/experimental treatment research are needed.
  • Yayın
    Dreaming as “A life experience”: A qualitative investigation in psychosociocultural context
    (Universitaet Heidelberg, 2024) Gülay, Sümeyra; Uysal, Burcu; İnsan ve Toplum Bilimleri Fakültesi, Psikoloji Bölümü
    Dreams are one of the realms of psychology and psychotherapy. In addition, people’s dream experiences and interpretations are highly influenced by individual, social and cultural contexts. A qualitative study was designed to examine in detail how meaning is given to the dream experience in Turkish society. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 16 adult (9 female, 7 male) participants who were not mental health professionals. The data was analyzed using Reflexive Thematic Analysis and within a critical-realistic framework. From the common narratives of the participants, three themes were developed under the overarching theme of Dreaming as “A Life Experience,” namely (i) Changing Meaning: “[Dreaming] Is Unique to Each Person,” (ii) “The Day After the Dream” and (iii) Dreaming as a Therapeutic or Spiritual “Guide.” It was observed that the participants interpreted dreams as an experience that reflects physical or environmental conditions, the daily life and inner world of the person, the social and cultural structure, and processes of the society in which they live, and may also include a spiritual experience. In addition, the participants evaluated waking and dream life as experiences that are often directly related to and affect each other. In clinical and psychotherapy practice, dream assessment can be used as a helpful resource for examining people’s life experiences. However, it is recommended that these examinations and dream studies be conducted by taking into account their social/cultural contexts. In this context, the meanings that people give to dreams in different cultures and societies should be examined.
  • Yayın
    Rethinking cognitive psycho-education -4T Model- in the psychotherapy of religious obsessive-compulsive disorder: Report of three resistant cases
    (Halil Ekşi, 2024) Toprak, Taha Burak; İnsan ve Toplum Bilimleri Fakültesi, Psikoloji Bölümü
    In religious obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), the current cognitive model does not seem to be convincing enough for patients to understand the source of their obsessions and to distinguish between their obsessions and their religious beliefs (iman) and values, which affects secure relationships in therapy. Therefore, there is a need for both religious sensitivity and model proposals to solve the problem of lack of persuasiveness of cognitive psychoeducation. From this perspective, the present case study uses the 4T model (tahayyul (imagination), tasawwur (conceptualization/detailed imagination), taakkul (reasoning/reflecting), tasdiq (confirmation)), which is a hierarchical cognitive model and adapted with the inspirations from the texts of Muslim scholars (specifically from Nursi’s text of Treatise on Scrupulosity) on cognitive processes. A case report of three individuals with religious OCD is presented to demonstrate the effectiveness of this treatment method. Symptoms were measured in therapy using the Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale, Beck Depression Inventory, Beck Anxiety Inventory, and Padua Inventory scales. Feedback was obtained for post-intervention assessment. The participants received 30 individual face-to-face therapy sessions, one per week, with an average duration of 50 minutes per session, and follow-up sessions were also conducted after the completion of treatment. The results from the three cases of individuals with religiously resistant OCD symptoms, which resulted in improvement on all scale scores, demonstrate that the model is substantially effective, particularly in addressing thought-action fusion (TAF). Furthermore, the thought hierarchy offered by the model is practical and compelling in the process of cognitive restructuring.
  • Yayın
    The effects of COVID-19 on wellbeing and resilience among Muslims in Turkey
    (Routledge, 2024) Ok, Üzeyir; Gören, Ayşe Burcu; Bayer, Nükhet; Ok, Üzeyir; İnsan ve Toplum Bilimleri Fakültesi, Psikoloji Bölümü
    This cross-sectional exploratory study surveys the general perceived adverse effects of COVID-19 on people’s wellbeing (including obsessive-compulsive disorder symptoms (OCDS)) and the level of resilience shown against it, with specific reference to the role of religiosity and optimism. Data were collected in an online survey from 247 non-randomly selected participants in Turkey, aged 12–64. The questionnaire included a demographic form, a battery of COVID-19 scales, the Brief Obsessive-Compulsive Scale, a short-form Optimism Scale, and the Ok-Religious Attitude Scale. The results indicate that COVID-19 significantly and negatively influenced several aspects of people’s lives, including finance, mood, life perspective, physical health, spirituality, and state of mental health. Furthermore, resilience, family solidarity, religiosity, and optimism played a positive role in overcoming the negative effects. Nonetheless, women, less religious people, pessimists, and anxiety-prone individuals, including people with OCDS symptoms, reported that they felt less resilient against the perceived adverse effects of COVID-19.
  • Yayın
    Transdiagnostic unified protocol on anxiety disorders
    (The European Association for Behavioural and Cognitive Therapies, 2023) Aydın, İclal; Uysal, Burcu; Turkcapar, Hakan; Uysal, Burcu
    Introduction: The transdiagnostic approach argues that the common features are needed to be taken into account [e.g. distress intolerance (DI), intolerance of uncertainty (IU), anxiety sensitivity (AS)] underlying emotional disorders rather than evaluating them separately since the dissection of anxiety disorders has increased with each emerging version of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), in which the classification of anxiety disorders resulted in an increased number of intervention protocols for each disorder. That is why an increase in comorbidity among anxiety disorders is observed. This also caused an increase in comorbidity among anxiety disorders. The transdiagnostic approach offers a unified protocol (UP) for strengthening the common features, thereby both preventing the emergence of emotional disorders andor intervening in the symptom severity of emotional disorders, which can be applied to different types of emotional disorders. The main aim of this study is to develop a unified protocol. The UP will include interventions developing the levels of common transdiagnostic features (DI, IU, AS).
  • Yayın
    Depremzedelere destek ekiplerinde ikincil travmatizasyon
    (İksad Yayınevi, 2023) Uysal, Burcu; Uysal, Burcu; İnsan ve Toplum Bilimleri Fakültesi, Psikoloji Bölümü
    Bu çalışma 6 Şubat 2023 depremlerinden yaklaşık 4 ay sonra İstanbul'da bir ilçe belediyesinden deprem bölgesine gönderilen destek ekipleriyle gerçekleştirilmiştir. Araştırma ömeklemini yaklaşık 300 destek personeline çevrimiçi gönderilen formlardan tüm ölçekleri dolduran 63 katılımcı oluşturmaktadır. Çalışmanın tüm katılımcıları İbn Haldun Üniversitesi Uygulama ve Araştırma Merkezi'nde ikincil travmatizasyon ile ilgili düzenlenen bir bilgilendirme seminerine davet edilmiştir. Ayrıca ihtiyaç duyanlara psikolojik destek gruplarına katılım imkânı sunulmuştur. Ancak gruplar gerçekleştirilmemiştir. Bu bildiri kapsamında doldurulan ölçeklere göre ikincil travma stres düzeyi ve ilişkili faktörlerin ortaya konması hedeflenmektedir. Araştırmacıların oluşturduğu sosyodemografik formun yanısıra İkincil Travmatik Stres Ölçeği, Olayların Etkisi Ölçeği Gözden Geçirilmiş Versiyonu, Yaygın Anksiyete Bozukluğu-7 ve Hasta Sağlık Anketi-9 kullanılmıştır...
  • Yayın
    Multicenter registry and test bed for extended outpatient hemodynamic monitoring: The hemodynamic frontiers in heart failure (HF2) initiative
    (Frontiers, 2023) Heywood, J. Thomas; Munshi, Kartik; Jordan, Timothy R.; Muse, Evan; Fudim, Marat; Sauer, Andrew J.; McDermott, Margaret; Shah, Hirak; Bhimaraj, Arvind; Khedraki, Rola; Robinson, Monique R.; McCann, Patrick; Volz, Elizabeth; Guha, Ashrith; Jonsson, Orvar; Bhatt, Kunjan A.; Bennett, Mosi K.; Benjamin, Terrie Ann; Guglin, Maya; Abraham, Jacob; İnsan ve Toplum Bilimleri Fakültesi, Psikoloji Bölümü
    Background: Hemodynamic Frontiers in Heart Failure (HF2) is a multicenter academic research consortium comprised of 14 US institutions with mature remote monitoring programs for ambulatory patients with heart failure (HF). The consortium developed a retrospective and prospective registry of patients implanted with a wireless pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) sensor. Goals/aims: HF2 registry collects demographic, clinical, laboratory, echocardiographic (ECHO), and hemodynamic data from patients with PAP sensors. The aims of HF2 are to advance understanding of HF and to accelerate development of novel diagnostic and therapeutic innovations. Methods: HF2 includes adult patients implanted with a PAP sensor as per FDA indications (New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class III HF functional class with a prior hospitalization, or patients with NYHA Class II or brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) elevation without hospitalization) at a HF2 member site between 1/1/19 to present. HF2 registry is maintained at University of Kansas Medical Center (KUMC). The registry was approved by the institutional review board (IRB) at all participating institutions with required data use agreements. Institutions report data into the electronic registry database using REDCap, housed at KUMC. Results: This initial data set includes 254 patients implanted from the start of 2019 until May 2023. At time of device implant, the cohort average age is 73 years old, 59.8% are male, 72% have NYHA Class III HF, 40% have left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) < 40%, 35% have LVEF > 50%, mean BNP is 560 pg/ml, mean N-Terminal pro-BNP (NTproBNP) is 5,490 pg/ml, mean creatinine is 1.65 mg/dl. Average baseline hemodynamics at device implant are right atrial pressure (RAP) of 11 mmHg, pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP) of 47 mmHg, pulmonary artery diastolic pressure (PADP) 21 mmHg, mean pulmonary artery pressure (mPAP) of 20 mmHg, pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCWP) of 19 mmHg, cardiac output (CO) of 5.3 L/min, and cardiac index (CI) of 2.5 L/min/m2. Conclusion: A real-world registry of patients implanted with a PAP sensor enables long-term evaluation of hemodynamic and clinic outcomes in highly-phenotyped ambulatory HF patients, and creates a unique opportunity to validate and test novel diagnostic and therapeutic approaches to HF.
  • Yayın
    Bağlamsal davranışçılık açısından travmaya yaklaşım
    (Nobel Akademik Yayıncılık, 2023) Karatepe, Hasan Turan; İnsan ve Toplum Bilimleri Fakültesi, Psikoloji Bölümü
    İnsanın psikolojik acılarını anlama, dindirme veya yönetme girişimleri, insanlık tarihi kadar eski bir uğraş alanıdır. Bu uğraş tarihsel seyri içinde zaman zaman teolojik, ideolojik ve felsefi disiplinler gibi insanın ontolojik varlığını merkezi ilgi alanı haline getiren yaklaşımların bünyesinde devam ettiği gibi, zaman zaman da bu alanlardan ayrı, yekpare bir çalışma alanı olarak psikoloji ve ruh sağlığı gibi disiplinler içinde ilerlemiştir. Bu alan paylaşımı, sadece modern döneme özgü bir durum değildir. Bu iki yaklaşım Hipokrat döneminden itibaren karşımıza çıkmaktadır. Anlaşılamayan davranışların animistik ruhların kontrolünde olduğu, psikolojik sıkıntıların; mitolojik, dinî ve büyüsel çerçevede değerlendirildiği dönemlere Hipokrat, psikolojik zorlanmaları biyolojik parametrelerdeki değişimler açıklamaktaydı (Millon, 2009)…
  • Yayın
    Travma ve psikoterapiler
    (Nobel Akademik Yayıncılık, 2023) Uysal, Burcu; Uysal, Burcu; İnsan ve Toplum Bilimleri Fakültesi, Psikoloji Bölümü
    Güneşin her an aydınlattığı ve ısıttığı biı -i jd: bu güzelliklerin birer nimet olduğunu ancak bir gür. icırrüiüğı yaşadığımızda ve üşüdüğümüzde anlardık. Avm şerA.b- bayatımızdaki zorluklar da sahip olduğumuz güzellikleri fark etmek için bize önemli fırsatlar sunarlar. Ancak hayatta karşılaşılan bazı zorluklar "sınırda tecrübeler” olarak adlandırabileceğimiz, hayatla yaşam sınırı arasında hissettiren ya da kişisel sınırları çok aşan travmatik tecrübeler olabilir. kemen herkes, travmatik tecrübelerle hayatında en az bir kere karşılaşabilir ya da yakınlarının travmalarına şahit ok’hi ır, übyse ki travmatik tecrübelerin birçoğu kişilerin doğal h. m süreçleriyle kendiliğinden aşılır. Ancak belli travmanı; ;> o übeler, bazı kişilerin hayatını alt üst edebilir. Profesyonel m ' m ■ dım alma ihtiyacını doğurabilir. Tanı da bu nokm*(• o-ıyka psikoterapi yaklaşımları ve ekolleri travmaya tanrı L-.tkıs açıları kazandırıp farklı çözüm yollan sunarlar. Terapi sürecinde gerek travma mağdurları gerek meslek profesyonelleri açısından bu zorlu tecrübelerle başa çıkmak için ha.svuı ıhabilecek birçok farklı yol olduğunu bilmenin herkes açısından umut verici ve motive edici olabileceğini düşünüyorum. Tüm bu düşüncelerle bu kitap serüveni için yola çıktığımda her bir yaklaşım için hem işin pratiğinde hem de akademik anlamda tecrübeli isimlere ulaşmanın en doğru yol olduğunu düşündüm. Kitaptaki bölüm yazarıyla birlikte aylar süren emeklerin neticesinde bu eser ortaya çıkmış oldu…
  • Yayın
    Application of Traditional Islamically Integrated Psychotherapy (TIIP) and Its clinical outcome on psychological distress among American Muslims in outpatient therapy
    (American Psychological Association, 2023) Khan, Fahad; Keshavarzi, Hooman; Ahmad, Mahnoor; Ashai, Shereen; Sanders, Peter; Keshavarzi, Hooman; İnsan ve Toplum Bilimleri Fakültesi, Psikoloji Bölümü
    Although individuals frequently turn to religion and spirituality in times of crises and other mental health concerns (Vieten & Lukoff, 2022; Yamada et al., 2020), limited research explores its utility when purposefully integrated into mental health treatment, especially in Muslim populations. While there is evidence for the clinical efficacy of Islamic adaptations of cognitive and rational therapies for Muslim patients, there are very few clinical outcome studies on inherently Islamic models of psychotherapy (Hook et al., 2010; Smith et al., 2007; Worthington & Sandage, 2001). The present study explored the clinical efficacy of an Islamic model of psychotherapy, known as Traditional Islamically Integrated Psychotherapy (TIIP; Keshavarzi et al., 2020) through a practice-based evidence approach. Five clinicians, trained in the TIIP model, offered services to 107 patients for 420 sessions at an outpatient mental health center tailored to address Muslim mental health concerns. The therapist session checklist indicated that TIIP practitioners not only utilized Islamic spiritual interventions but also integrated cognitive and emotion-focused interventions into the TIIP model of care. The outcomes of the study demonstrated a reduction in clinical distress as measured by Clinically Adaptive Multidimensional Outcome Survey and a reduction in functional distress through clinical outcomes in routine evaluation over time, indicating preliminary evidence for the efficacy of TIIP in application to Muslim patients. Process variables such as session intentions, counseling topics, as well as specific interventions from the TIIP model are presented.
  • Yayın
    State-religion separation among Muslims in Turkey: Theory and empirical findings
    (Springer, 2023) Ok, Üzeyir; Ok, Üzeyir; İnsan ve Toplum Bilimleri Fakültesi, Psikoloji Bölümü
    Ideological coherence and harmony among members of a multi-cultural and pluralist society are fundamental for individuals to feel at peace. However, West-based secular ideologies and lifestyles have often contradicted with traditional religion, which led to tensions and conflicts. In modern times, it is expected that states take not only a neutral position concerning religions, ideologies, worldviews and lifestyles but also support and protect such freedoms. The aim of this study is to examine the definition of state-religion separation and evaluate its inconsistencies in current applications in light of this definition within Turkey. It is observed that the perception that Islam is traditional but not open practically, theologically and empirically contradicts the state-religion separation and other civil liberties. There are psychological bases for some Muslims to be biased regarding state-religion separation. This paper shows that the misuse of laïcité, a version of state-religion separation, polarises society and may result in fundamentalist or populist reactions to religion or the secular system. The study ends with recommendations regarding how to approach the state-religion separation.
  • Yayın
    Sleep quality, quality of life, fatigue, and mental health in COVID-19 post-pandemic Türkiye: A cross-sectional study
    (Frontiers, 2024) Bener, Abdulbari; Morgül, Ebru; Tokaç, Mahmut; Ventriglio, Antonio; Jordan, Timothy R.; İnsan ve Toplum Bilimleri Fakültesi, Psikoloji Bölümü
    Aim: This study explores the predictors and associated risk factors of sleep quality, quality of life, fatigue, and mental health among the Turkish population during the COVID-19 post-pandemic period. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional survey using multi-stage, stratified random sampling was employed. In total, 3,200 persons were approached. Of these, 2,624 (82%) completed the questionnaire package consisting of socio-demographic information, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), the WHO Quality of Life Brief Version (WHOQOL-BREF), Fatigue Assessment Scale (FAS), Patients Health Questionnaire (PHQ-15), GAD-7 anxiety scale, and the 21-item Depression, Anxiety, Stress Scale (DASS-21). Results: Significant differences between genders were found regarding socio-demographic characteristics (p < 0.01). Using PHQ-15 for depressive disorders, significant differences were found between normal and high severity scores (≥ 10), regarding age group (p < 0.001), gender (p = 0.049), educational level (p < 0.001), occupational status (p = 0.019), cigarette smoking (p = 0.002), waterpipe-narghile smoking (p = 0.039), and co-morbidity (p = 0.003). The WHOQOL-BREF indicated strong correlations between public health, physical health, psychological status, social relationships, environmental conditions, and sleep disorders (p < 0.01). Furthermore, comparisons of the prevalence of mental health symptoms and sleeping with PHQ-15 scores ≥ 10 (p = 0.039), fatigue (p = 0.012), depression (p = 0.009), anxiety (p = 0.032), stress (p = 0.045), and GAD-7 (p < 0.001), were significantly higher among the mental health condition according to sleeping disorder status. Multiple regression analysis revealed that DASS21 stress (p < 0.001), DASS21 depression (p < 0.001), DASS21 anxiety (p = 0.002), physical health (WHOQOL-BREF) (p = 0.007), patient health depression-PHQ-15 (p = 0.011), psychological health (WHOQOL-BREF) (p = 0.012), fatigue (p = 0.017), and environmental factors (WHOQOL-BREF) (p = 0.041) were the main predictor risk factors associated with sleep when adjusted for gender and age. Conclusion: The current study has shown that sleep quality was associated with the mental health symptoms of depression, anxiety, stress, and fatigue. In addition, insufficient sleep duration and unsatisfactory sleep quality seemed to affect physical and mental health functioning.
  • Yayın
    İnanç krizleri ve dinî kimlik dönüşümü
    (Nobel Akademik Yayıncılık, 2023) Morgül, Ebru; Morgül, Ebru; İnsan ve Toplum Bilimleri Fakültesi, Psikoloji Bölümü
    Bireylerin yaşadığı dinî dönüşümler, dinî kimliklerinde ve yaşantıların¬da değişimlere götüren süreçler, özellikle din psikolojisi ve sosyal psikoloji alanlarındaki araştırmalarda önemli odak noktalarından biri olagelmiştir. Geçmiş yıllardaki çalışmalar çoğunlukla dindarlaşma, bir dine girme, din de¬ğiştirme (conversion) gibi konulara yoğunlaşırken,1 son yıllarda artan yeni akımlar ve kurumsal dinlerden ayrılmalarda görülen artışla birlikte dinden çıkma (deconversion) konusu araştırmacıların ilgisini çekmektedir. Dinî bir kimliği benimsemiş bir kişinin önceki inançlarından uzaklaşmasına götüren süreçleri bir tür inanç krizi olarak incelemek mümkündür. Bu bölümde inanç krizleri, psikolojik bir yaklaşımla ele alınarak, inanç gelişimi ve dinî kimlik gelişimi ve dinden çıkmaya dair teoriler gözden geçirilecek ve dinden çık¬ma ile ilgili psikolojik faktörler güncel literatür bağlamında incelenecektir. Bölüm sonunda bir dinden çıkma öyküsünün nitel analizi ve tartışmaya yer verilecektir…
  • Yayın
    Contestation of the "self" in modern and religious psychologies
    (American Psychological Association, 2023) Noor, Noraini Binti Mohd; Berisha, Elma; İnsan ve Toplum Bilimleri Fakültesi, Psikoloji Bölümü
    We begin our article with commonly available insights from world religions into the notions of “human nature,” “self,” “soul,” and “spirit.” Then, we take brief notes of the more recent metamorphosis of the same notions into “subject,” “ego,” “personality,” “consciousness,” and the like up to modern times and beyond. In doing so, we explore a number of attempts at defining the human self and the many more ways they fail to achieve a satisfactory consensus on the conception of the human self. Parallel streams of both convergent and divergent tendencies are observed in philosophy and psychology, in scientific context as well as in popular culture. To understand these better, we end in juxtaposing between the religious and modern views on the self, and asking if the two can ever be reconciled.
  • Yayın
    The inventory of problems-29 is a cross‑culturally valid symptom validity test: Initial validation in a Turkish community sample
    (Springer, 2023) Akca, Ali Y. E.; Tepedelen, Mehmed Seyda; Uysal, Burcu; Uysal, Burcu; Erdodi, Laszio A.; İnsan ve Toplum Bilimleri Fakültesi, Psikoloji Bölümü
    Because the actuarial evidence base for symptom validity tests (SVTs) is developed in a specific population, it is unclear whether their clinical utility is transferable to a population with different demographic characteristics. To address this, we report here the validation study of a recently developed free-standing SVT, the Inventory of Problems-29 (IOP-29), in a Turkish community sample. We employed a mixed design with a simulation paradigm: The Turkish IOP–29 was presented to the same participants (N = 125; 53.6% female; age range: 19–53) three times in an online format, with instructions to respond honestly (HON), randomly (RND), and attempt to feign a psychiatric disorder (SIM) based on different vignettes. In the SIM condition, participants were presented with one of three scripts instructing them to feign either schizophrenia (SIM-SCZ), depression (SIM-DEP), or posttraumatic stress disorder (SIM-PTSD). As predicted, the Turkish IOP–29 is effective in discriminating between credible and noncredible presentations and equally sensitive to feigning of different psychiatric disorders: The standard cutoff (FDS ≥ .50) is uniformly sensitive (90.2% to 92.9%) and yields a specificity of 88%. Random responding produces FDS scores more similar to those of noncredible presentations, and the random responding score (RRS) has incremental validity in distinguishing random responding from feigned and honest responding. Our findings reveal that the classification accuracy of the IOP–29 is stable across administration languages, feigned clinical constructs, and geographic regions. Validation of the Turkish IOP–29 will be a valuable addition to the limited availability of SVTs in Turkish. We discuss limitations and future directions.
  • Yayın
    Psychological interventions for self-harm behaviour and suicide attempts in borderline personality disorder: A systematic review
    (Lut TAMAM, 2023) Kavla, Büşra; Uysal, Burcu; Uysal, Burcu; İnsan ve Toplum Bilimleri Fakültesi, Psikoloji Bölümü
    Self-harm behaviour and suicide attempts are considered maladaptive coping mechanisms by individuals with a diagnosis of borderline personality disorder (BPD). Numerous studies have demonstrated that individuals with BPD are at a heightened risk for self-harm behaviour and suicide. Therefore, there is a need for intervention efforts aimed at reducing self-harm and suicide attempts in this population by promoting more functional coping strategies. No systematic review has been conducted to explore the effectiveness of such interventions. A systematic review was performed to identify randomized controlled trials of interventions to reduce self-harm and suicide attempts among individuals with BPD, published between 2012 and 2022. PsycARTICLES, PubMed, Web of Science, Science Direct, and Taylor & Francis databases were examined in the review. A total of 6,760 studies were initially screened, only 13 were selected for review based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The results indicated that the standard dialectical behaviour therapy protocol, with the addition of psychological intervention components such as skills training, exposure and acceptance, statistically significantly increased recovery. Statistically significant results have been obtained from various psychotherapeutic intervention groups such as schema therapy, cognitive behavioural therapy and emotion regulation therapy However, it was noted that existing protocols might be inadequate in preventing relapse and addressing potential negative outcomes such as premature termination of therapy.
  • Yayın
    COVID-19 sürecinde gençlere yönelik online ACT temelli başa çıkma becerilerini geliştirme atölyesi
    (Bilişsel ve Davranışsal Psikoterapiler Derneği, 2021) Uysal, Burcu; Gülay, Sümeyra; Uysal, Burcu; İnsan ve Toplum Bilimleri Fakültesi, Psikoloji Bölümü
    2019 yılının sonunda Çin’de başlayan Koronavirüs pandemisi ve bu sebeple ortaya çıkan sınırlamalar her yaştan bireyi stres altına sokmuştur. Sosyal izolasyon, online eğitimin getirdiği zorluklar, motivasyon eksikliği ve can sıkıntısı gençlerde kaygı ve depresyonda artışa sebep olmuş (Marques de Miranda, da Silva Athanasio, Cecília de Sena Oliveira ve Simoes Silva, 2020), ayrıca uykusuzluk, odaklanma güçlüğü gibi zorluklara da yol açmıştır (Golberstein, Wen ve Miller, 2020; Wang, Zhang, Zhao, Zhang ve Jiang, 2020). Bu çalışmada pandemi sürecinde Türkiye’de bilhassa belirli sınırlamalara muhatap olan 20 yaş altı gençlerde başa çıkma becerilerini arttırmaya yönelik online Kabul ve Kararlılık Terapisi (ACT) temelli atölye çalışması geliştirmek ve etkinliğini pilot bir çalışma ile incelemek amaçlanmıştır.
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    Examining the effectiveness of a group hope intervention program in Syrian refugee children: A pilot study
    (Taylor & Francis, 2023) Ataman, Aslıhan; Uysal, Burcu; İnsan ve Toplum Bilimleri Fakültesi, Psikoloji Bölümü
    The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of a 6-session hope-based intervention program on the levels of hope and psychological resilience of Syrian refugee children. The pre-test post-test control group design was implemented. A total of 42 Syrian refugee students in 5th grade participated in the study. 2 × 2 mixed ANOVA, independent sample t-test, and dependent sam-ple t-test were conducted for data analysis. Mixed ANOVA revealed that the intervention group had more improvement in hope and psychological resilience scores compared to the control group. Dependent sample t-test revealed that while the hope and resili-ence scores of the intervention group were maintained, the hope scores of the control group significantly decreased. Independent sample t-test revealed a statistically significant difference between the post-test hope scores of the groups. Research findings sup-ported that hope-oriented approaches can be effective in improv-ing the resilience of Syrian refugee children in the long term.