Churchill-a good friend of Turkey
YazarKula, Erhun İbrahim
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KünyeKula, E. İ. (2020). Churchill-a good friend of Turkey. Turkish Area Studies Review, 35, 20-23.
In Turkey Winston Churchill is known as an important historic figure of the twentieth century but also as an adversary of the Turks, largely due to the Gallipoli Campaign in which he was the major architect. The Campaign was a disaster for the Allied Forces and a great humiliation for Churchill which cost him his job as First Lord of the Admiralty. For the Turks, however, Gallipoli was a great victory which erased the bad image created by the First Balkan War of 1912 which portrayed the Turks as easy meat. Gallipoli reversed that. The victory at Gallipoli has largely been attributed to the military genius of the field commander Mustafa Kemal, who in later years became the top figure in Turkish politics and the founder of the Turkish Republic. A British staff officer writing about the official history of the event argued that ‘seldom in history can the exertion of a single commander have exercised so profound an influence, not only in the course of a battle, but on the destiny of the entire nation