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Pitfalls in the Turkish nuclear programme
AuthorKula, Erhun İbrahim
MetadataShow full item record
CitationKula, I. (2019). Pitfalls in the Turkish nuclear programme. Turkish Area Studies Review, 34, pp. 12-17.
The origins of nuclear power go back to 1885 when Rontgen discovered the X-ray and one year later Becquerel identified natural radiation. In 1939 Hahn and Strassman achieved the splitting of the uranium atom in Berlin which initiated fission technology. Three years later in the USA Fermi proved that the fission chain reaction in uranium nuclei could be sustained and controlled, making it feasible to harness this energy. Then nuclear technology developed in two different ways; the creation of a nuclear bomb and the development of a nuclear reactor for power generation. On 6 August 1945 a successfully assembled uranium-235 bomb was dropped on Hiroshima and on 12 August a plutonium bomb was dropped on Nagasaki which ended the war in the Pacific.