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The politics of Islamophobia in Turkey
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CitationAslan, A. (2018). The politics of Islamophobia in Turkey. E. Bayraklı, F. Hafez (Ed.), Islamophobia in Muslim Majority Societies içinde (71-92. ss.). New York: Routledge.
This chapter analyses the dominant years of the politics of Islamophobia in Turkey, which roughly covers the years from the last decades of the nineteenth century to the late 1990s. It takes the definition of Islamophobia as the construction of Islam and Muslims as the enemy. Based on that definition, it argues that Islamophobia played a constitutive role in the establishment and construction of the modern Turkish state. First of all, the politics of Islamophobia served to replace the Ottoman Empire with the secular–nationalist Turkish Republic. Following the completion of this political transition, Islamophobia was deployed to produce a secular–nationalist reality, which included the forming of a secular– nationalist society in its domestic realm, backing a Westphalian regional order and a Western- centric global order on its outside. The politics of Islamophobia remained dominant in Turkish politics until the 2000s.