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dc.contributor.authorYaslıçimen, Faruk
dc.date.accessioned2017-10-12T10:44:07Z
dc.date.available2017-10-12T10:44:07Z
dc.date.issued2016
dc.identifier.citationYaslıçimen, F. (2016). Saving the minds and loyalties of subjects: Ottoman education policy against the spread of shiism in Iraq during the time of Abdülhamid II. Divan: Disiplinlerarası Çalışmalar Dergisi, 21 (4), 63-108.en_US
dc.identifier.issn1300-9648
dc.identifier.urihttps://app.trdizin.gov.tr/makale/TWpReE5UTTJOZz09
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12154/4
dc.description.abstractTowards the end of the nineteenth century, Ottoman authorities realized that the Sunni orthopraxy and ipso facto state sovereignty in Iraq were in danger. They believed that the great numbers of Sunni masses converting to Shiism could pose a serious political risk in the near future. To guarantee the political loyalties of the subjects living in Iraq, the Ottoman authorities formulated a policy of education to protect and correct beliefs. This article explains how the Ottoman government during the time of Abdülhamid II applied counter-measures against the perceived spread of Shiism in Iraq. These included appointing single Sunni professors to madrasas, sending itinerant preachers among the tribesmen to teach them the basic tenets of Sunnism, opening modern schools, and taking Iraqi Shiite boys at an early age to Istanbul to change their beliefs. The article further addresses issues that emerged during the implementation of this policy, such as the questions of whether to select local or non-local ulama and how to overcome financial challenges. Overall, the Ottoman policy of education aimed at disseminating an identity of Ottomanness (Osmanlılık) that included the correction of the beliefs of non-Sunni Muslim groups. This also meant re-defining Ottomanness in closer association with the Sunni interpretation of Islam.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherBilim ve Sanat Vakfıen_US
dc.relation.ispartofDivan: Disiplinlerarası Çalışmalar Dergisien_US
dc.rightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccessen_US
dc.subjectOttomanen_US
dc.subjectIraqen_US
dc.subjectNineteenth Centuryen_US
dc.subjectStateen_US
dc.subjectAuthorityen_US
dc.subjectEducationen_US
dc.subjectMadrasaen_US
dc.subjectUlamaen_US
dc.subjectSchoolen_US
dc.subjectSunnien_US
dc.subjectShiiteen_US
dc.subjectSectarianismen_US
dc.titleSaving the minds and loyalties of subjects: Ottoman education policy against the spread of shiism in Iraq during the time of Abdülhamid IIen_US
dc.typearticleen_US
dc.departmentİHÜ, İnsan ve Toplum Bilimleri Fakültesi, Tarih Bölümüen_US
dc.authorid0000-0002-4798-7282en_US
dc.identifier.volume21en_US
dc.identifier.issue41en_US
dc.identifier.startpage63en_US
dc.identifier.endpage108en_US
dc.ihuauthorid0000-0002-4798-7282en_US
dc.relation.ihupublicationcategory187en_US
dc.relation.publicationcategoryMakale - Ulusal Hakemli Dergi - Kurum Öğretim Elemanıen_US
dc.contributor.institutionauthorYaslıçimen, Faruk
dc.identifier.trdizinidTWpReE5UTTJOZz09en_US


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