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Empire vs nation, despair vs hope at Gallipoli
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CitationBerktay, H. (2018). Empire vs nation, despair vs hope at Gallipoli. Açık Medeniyet, 5, 7.
Why does Gallipoli loom so large in Turkey’s both social (i.e. from below) and national (i.e. more official, or from the top down) memory? First, because it is by far the single biggest war, front, campaign, expedition or indeed fused mega-battle in modern Turkish or for that matter Ottoman history. Over eight and a half months (25 April 1915 to 8/9 January 1916) of fighting on land, its total casualty figure of 251,000 outnumbers the corresponding total of 40,000 for the three-plus years (1919-22) of the National Struggle by 6:1, while its death toll is even greater in comparison -- 85-86,000 vs around 9200, which is higher than a disparity of 9:1.