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Individual self-deceptions and responsibility of Muslims
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CitationOk, Ü. (2017). Individual self-deceptions and responsibility of Muslims. Açık Medeniyet, 2, 7.
If we keep the deceptions that occur as a result of mental disorders or chemical therapies exceptional, we can be deceived in three ways: one can harm oneself intentionally as in the case of suicide, or masochism, and drug abuse, and unintentionally as in the cases that I elaborate below. One, unintentionally, can be deceived (a) by himself/herself, (b) through the mediation of the community that one belongs, and last but not least, (c) by perpetrators’ intentional destructive wills. Unintentional self-deception may occur through the Freudian unconscious mechanisms, inner conflicts or their defensive mechanisms.