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Islamic social finance: Integrating zakah funds in microfinance and microenterprise support programs: Selected case studies
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CitationKachkar, O. A. ve Alfares, M. (2022).Islamic social finance: Integrating zakah funds in microfinance and microenterprise support programs: Selected case studies. Y. Alhassan, U. Nwagbara (Ed.), Microfinance and Sustainable Development in Africa içinde (127-159 ss.). IGI Global. http://doi:10.4018/978-1-7998-7499-7.ch006
Alleviating poverty and inequality are among the central objectives of zakah in the Islamic economic system. These objectives are also on top of the 17 SDGs of the UN 2030 Agenda. This research argues that microenterprise support programs (MSPs) have been proven as effective tools in combating poverty. However, lack of funds has always been a major challenge for the sustainability of those programs. Channeling zakah funds to MSPs will directly contribute to empowering deprived populations and helping them to lift themselves out of the poverty cycle. Two zakah-based MSPs have been analyzed in this chapter. The first one is the Asnaf Entrepreneurship Program of Lembaga Zakah, Malaysia and the second one is Baitul Maal Muamalat Indonesia (BMMI). According to literature, using zakah in (MSPs) requires a strict implementation of best practices including screening program beneficiaries, providing professional training and monitoring to businesses, and finally applying a graduation scheme.