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Kindî’nin din ve felsefe uzlaştırma metodu üzerine: Arka plan ve kavramlar
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CitationKöroğlu, B. (2021). Kindî’nin din ve felsefe uzlaştırma metodu üzerine: Arka plan ve kavramlar. Beytulhikme an International Journal of Philosophy, 11(2), 895-928.
This article aims to outline al-Kindi's contribution in reconciling the disciplines of religion and philosophy, a perennial concern that has shaped the character of the tradition of Islamic philosophy since his time. The article's central thesis demonstrates that al-Kindi devoted a significant amount of attention to attempting to reconcile religion and philosophy by actively using the rich scientific and philosophical heritage before him. He used his scientific knowledge from astronomy, mathematics, and physics to the greatest possible extent to preserve the internal consistency of his philosophy on the one hand and construct a sophisticated philosophical system that does not force creedal acceptance on the other. The main axis of the article concerns the notions of God's oneness, the creation of the universe, function of celestial bodies, source of the soul and its fate after leaving the body – which, in particular, forms the bedrock of al-Kindi's thesis of reconciliation. While engaging in the aforementioned points of discussion, we have tried to show that although al-Kindi benefited from the rich philosophical accumulation of former scientific traditions, as well as from the concepts, theories and methods of Pythagoreanism, Plato, Aristotle, New Pythagoreanism and Neo-Platonism in enriching his system, he always tried to harmonize his philosophy with Islamic Creed.