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Being and existence and Sandra and Heidegger: A comparative ontology
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CitationAlparslan, A. (2020). Being and existence and Sandra and Heidegger: A comparative ontology. İstanbul: İbn Haldun Üniversitesi Yayınları.
The present work was completed in 1982 at the University of Chicago as part of the author’s PhD requirements; then in 1993 it was revised and published in Kuala Lumpur by the International Institute of Islamic Thought and Civilization (ISTAC). Since then there have been many studies on both Mullā Ṣadrā and Heidegger. The purpose of this edition is not to incorporate these recent studies because I do not think that they change the general arguments in this old study. They, however, add more comprehension to the themes discussed in this work. I would like to add one of my insights here by way of passing which I had felt in fact when I was working on my thesis. The readers may also notice in this study that some sentences of Heidegger seem to be German translations of Ṣadrā’s statements. The general context of these statements are quite different from the statements of Ṣadrā and thus they do not somehow lead to the conclusion that these are taken from Max Horten’s (d. 1945) book Das Philosophische System von Schiräzi: Übersetzt und Erläutert which is published in 1913. For instance, Heidegger defines time as “the horizon of Being” (for this see the first part of Sein und Zeit entitled “Die Interpretation des Daseins auf die Zeitlichkeit und die Explikation der Zeit als des transzendentalen Horizontes der Frage nach dem Sein”) which is the same in Ṣadrā. Moreover, they both affirm that knowledge is a mode of Being (see here Conclusion, section 5). These are introduced as main parallel ideas. I think this is what makes a comparative study of Heidegger and Ṣadrā interesting and worthwhile...
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